Brexit trade deal ‘very unstable’ and can easily be brought crashing down, legal expert warns MPs

06 January 2021
Sam Lowe, of the Centre for European Reform, warned of a difficult task ahead for the UK to achieve its aims, now it was “a third country”.
“It's not very nice negotiating with the EU from the outside, even if you're nearby – just look at Switzerland, just look at Turkey's experience.
“It's going to be rough for the UK in terms of its relationship with the EU, although I do agree with Catherine that it will evolve over time as it should.”

Parliament: Future Relationship with the European Union Committee

06 January 2021
Sam Lowe, a senior research fellow at the Centre for European Reform gave evidence on the progress of the negotiations on the UK's future relationship with the EU.

Brexit could start 'rebellion against Germany' within EU as bloc warned of divide

05 January 2021
Charles Grant, founder the Centre for European Reform, predicted without the UK's influence, Germany will gain yet more power in the bloc. Mr Grant said in 2016: "The Germans themselves are particularly unhappy about Brexit, and not only because they worry that other EU countries – now even more anxious about German dominance – may be tempted to form an alliance against them.

Brexit treaty offers no easy path to EU defence research funding for UK

05 January 2021
Science Business
“These provisions are not dissimilar to US controls on defence technology, which force UK companies with operations in the US to create elaborate firewalls to ensure that UK personnel do not acquire sensitive US information or US-generated intellectual property,” said Ian Bond, former British diplomat and director of foreign affairs at the Centre for European Reform, a London-based think tank.

Trade Talks: What’s in the new EU-UK trade deal? Brexperts explain

03 January 2021
The EU and UK announce their long-awaited trade agreement formalizing Brexit. What is covered, and what is still to be negotiated. Featuring Alan Beattie (Financial Times), Emily Rees and David Henig (European Centre for International Political Economy), Sam Lowe (Centre for European Reform), Anna Jerzewska (, and Anand Menon (UK in a Changing Europe).

British firms mull relocating to 'other side of Brexit curtain'

01 January 2021
Voice of America
“Manufacturers and farmers will face irksome checks at borders for things like customs, VAT (value added tax), safety and security, plant and animal health, and much more. Services companies will lose access to the single market unless they set up subsidiaries within it,” notes Charles Grant of the Centre for European Reform [CER], a London-based research organization.

Cambridge Radio: Roundabout with Tony Barnfield

31 December 2020
Chris Bradbury talks to Tony Barnfield about his Fenland Symphony, while Selwyn College alumnus Charles Grant, Director of the Centre for European Reform, talks about the Brexit deal and the UK’s future relationship with our continental neighbours.

MPs back Brexit deal with huge majority

30 December 2020
The Times
“The can has been kicked,” said Sam Lowe, a senior research fellow at the Centre for European Reform. “In the absence of an adequacy decision it would mean that it would become more difficult to store the data of private EU citizens on UK-based servers.” This could force businesses to pay to change where their data is held.

Sovereignty First : 10 points sur le Brexit

30 December 2020
Le Grand Continent
Un commentaire que j’ai régulièrement entendu au cours des négociations sur le Brexit est resté gravé dans ma mémoire.

Euronews: Brexit foreign policy

30 December 2020
Ian Bond, director of foreign policy at the CER spoke to Euronews about UK-EU alignment and potential divergence on foreign policy after Brexit.

Bloomberg: Brexit marks rupture but issues won't disappear: Lowe

30 December 2020
In this week's episode of The Brussels Edition we look into the details of the Brexit trade deal after a last minute accord avoided a hard exit. While the deal does mark a point of rupture, it leaves details hanging that could cloud the City of London's outlook and keep both sides locked in talks for years to come as the deal gets implemented. That's according to Sam Lowe, senior research fellow at the Centre for European Reform. He spoke to Bloomberg's Maria Tadeo in Brussels.

UK quietly shifts away from promise of 'deep' foreign and security links with EU

28 December 2020
The Guardian
Ian Bond, at the Centre for European Reform, can see three ways in which the UK and the EU might formally collaborate: on the exchange and protection of classified information, the participation of UK personnel in defence missions and operations, and UK participation in defence industrial co-operation through the European Defence Agency.

We’ll make City best for business post-Brexit, vows Rishi Sunak

28 December 2020
The Times
Sam Lowe, a trade policy expert at the Centre for European Reform, warned that even if equivalence was granted “we should not assume it will be permanent”. Anneliese Dodds, the shadow chancellor, said that the deal was “very thin” on financial services and that the government “needs to act speedily to sort that out”.

Committees, visas and climate change: Brexit experts' verdicts on the deal details

28 December 2020
The Guardian
Beyond tariffs, quotas and fish, the TCA contains a variety of provisions. Among those with implications for everyone engaged in business travel are the rules governing what Britons entering the EU are, and are not, allowed to do from 2021 onwards.

Brexit trade deal means ‘freedom’, but at a cost: The arguments will be far from over

27 December 2020
The Observer
The UK may have won the power to diverge from EU rules, but the new relationship will be one of constant renegotiation.

France and Germany retake reins as Britain leaves EU's economic orbit

27 December 2020
The Wall Street Journal
“On European defense, it is coming out in a very French way,” said Ian Bond, director of foreign policy at the Centre for European Reform. “Strategic autonomy would not have got as far as it has done had the British still been at the table.”

Brexit: fishing chiefs cry ‘betrayal’ as MPs fear rush to ratify deal

27 December 2020
The Guardian
Sam Lowe, a trade expert at the Centre for European Reform, described this kind of arrangement in a trade deal as “unusual”. MPs are also concerned about the potential of the EU to impose tariffs on other types of exports, including cars, if UK-based manufacturers do not comply with Brussels’ rules on the origins of components used in production.

Boris Johnson admits Brexit deal is limited for financial services

27 December 2020
Financial Times
“This agreement was never going to do much in terms of financial market access,” said Sam Lowe of the Centre for European Reform. “It’s less than [what is] in the EU’s Canada and Japan agreements,” he added.

EU member states begin process to approve Brexit trade deal

26 December 2020
Financial Times
Sam Lowe, a senior research fellow at think-tank the Centre for European Reform warned that businesses could face a “rocky readjustment period” in the new year. “While businesses will most certainly welcome the deal, they will suffer from the lack of an additional grace, or implementation, period to allow them more time to prepare for the change,” he said.

Boris Johnson delivered on Brexit. It may not soothe his unruly party

25 December 2020
The New York Times
“In the short term, the Tory Party is pretty united around the very hard Brexit that Boris Johnson pushed Britain toward but which many Britons never thought they were voting for,” said Charles Grant, director of the Centre for European Reform, a research institute.