Sophia Besch

Sophia Besch

Senior research fellow (Based in Berlin) - On leave until Jan 2021
Areas of expertise 

EU Common Security and Defence Policy, European defence industry integration, NATO, German security and defence policy

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Europe, the US and China: A love-hate triangle?

21 September 2020
The EU risks being caught between an increasingly hostile US and China. It must manage relations with both in order to protect the rules-based global order.

Will Germany rethink defence, too?

27 July 2020
COVID-19 has forced Germany to rethink its economic orthodoxy. A similar rethink of its defence and security outlook will take time. 

Can the EU's defence ambitions survive budget cuts?

26 March 2020
The proposed cuts to the EU’s defence budget will not put an end to the EU’s ambitions. But they show that, on defence, the Union is only as effective as member-states allow it to be.

Defence without direction

28 November 2019
The EU is strengthening its defence capabilities, but Europeans risk losing sight of how they want to use them.

Can the European Commission develop Europe's defence industry?

18 November 2019
The EU aims to develop a home-grown European defence equipment market, and has created a new defence industry and space portfolio in the Commission to facilitate this. 

Up in arms: Warring over Europe's arms export regime

10 September 2019
The European Union's poorly co-ordinated arms export policy is undermining Europe's foreign policy, credibility as a principled power and defence industry. The EU should take steps to move towards convergence.

The EU needs an effective common arms export policy

04 June 2019
The EU’s strategic interests and credibility are harmed by its ineffective and incoherent approach to arms export policy.

NATO at 70: Twilight years or a new dawn?

03 April 2019
As NATO celebrates its 70th anniversary, the most serious threats to its survival are as much internal as external.

Appalled by strategic autonomy? Applaud it instead

22 March 2019
Strategic autonomy is a sign of the transatlantic relationship’s inevitable progression. Europeans and Americans need to manage the growing pains that will accompany Europe’s ambitions.

Europe without the UK: Liberated or diminished?

13 March 2019
In 2016 the CER made ten predictions about the effect of Brexit on future EU policy. How do they stand up now, on the eve of the UK’s departure?

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